Birnagar Municipality At A Glance
The origin of Birnagar dates back to the pre-colonial era.Previously it was an island in the Hooghly River. Before British came, Birnagar was named as Ula. It is mentioned in the short story Post Master by Rabindranath Tagore and in the novel Aporajito by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay. It earlier had two Zamindars, i.e.landlords. One part of Birnagar belonged to the Mukherjees, and the other part was of the Mustafis. Rajsekhar Bose (Parasuram) was from Birnagar. He was a well-known author of many short stories basically comedies in Bengali. Gamchha — a handloom towel used by Bengalis was invented in Palitpara, Birnagar.
Once Birnagar was a lag-behind village teeming with ditches, ponds, pools and cultivable lands, In spite of all that, a vast area of the village attracted all since the 18th century. The area of the land from the Churni, Bhagirati and Ichhamati at the West to the present railway track and Ranaghat – Berhampore Road is the impact of several small, yet significant municipal and panchayat areas including Birnagar. With the doyen of industrial colonization of the British rule slums began coming up one after another around and in the vicinity of the town and huts with tiled roofs were built therein which now comes within the municipal periphery (Ward numbers 1 to 14).
Year Of Establishment
Birnagar Municipality is more than 200 years old. It was established in 1869 and the first chairman of the Birnagar Municipality was Kabi Nabinchandra Sen .Presently the municipality covers an area of 5.52 sq.km. and is divided into 14 wards.
Kishma Gram Panchayat on the North, Kalinarayanpur –Paharpur Gram Panchayats on the South, and Kishma Gram Panchayat & Kalinarayanpur – Paharpur Gram Panchayats on the East and Barasat Gram Panchayat on the West surround Birnagar Municipality respectively. The River Churni flows about 2 kilometers on the east of the Birnagar Municipality area.
Linkages Of Rail, Road, Port And Air
The city is well connected with State Capital, Kolkata by Sealdah railway station. Local and passenger trains are available every half-an-hour.
Bus service, though less used by the commoners due to the bus-stop position in a far place from the railway station, is also available. Buses ply through the National Highway 34: in north to north Bengal through Krishnagar, and to Kolkata in the south direction.NH – 34, a very busy main artery of West Bengal and running north – south, not only is accessed by local people but also branches into many smaller sub-arterial roads for traveling far and near the municipality.
Birnagar is the one of the agricultural and micro-industries – based towns in West Bengal. It houses some small and medium industrial units within the periphery of its municipal limits. There are also a number of small engineering and manufacturing firms and industries. There are other industrial units dealing in production and processing textiles, steel / iron products, bidi-making, etc. The major agricultural products of the area include rice, jute, and sugarcane, and pulses.
Economy of Birnagar is mostly based on agriculture. Different types of grains starting from paddy, flour, wheat, different fruits are being produced in a vast area outside the main township, where you would find a large number of farmers and villagers. Various products from milk are transported to Calcutta each and every morning.
Another type of product which is not getting so much of government’s notice is the handicraft and boutiques. At least 1000 people or more depend on this.
Besides myriad medium and small types of industries, manure producing industries, handloom – towels like gamcha and others taking together give the town a complete agro – industrial shape.IT infrastructure is getting polularised lately here in the Birnagar Municipal Area and its surroundings.
Places Of Interest
The town is inhabited mostly by Bengalis. Durga-puja like all other Bengali counterparts is celebrated throughout the entire city. All the other pujas are celebrated also.
The Christian community celebrates Christmas in style. Begopara Church located in-between Ranaghat and Birnagar becomes the center-stage of this celebration. It is situated in Begopara, on a large area outside the main township. This is undoubtedly, one of the most beautiful churches of Bengal. During the Christmas, people from all the religion come here to join the Christmas party. There is a mosque in nearby Nasra-para. Devotees of Islam and other religions also visit the place.
The municipality has some heritage structures which has architectural as well as religious values. The structures are Ulai Chanditala, Uttarpra Bindobasini Mandir, Daskhinpara Mahismordini Mandir, Mahismordini Mandir.
All the festivals are enjoyed by the population of the municipality and population of all section participate in the local festivals, Festivals of Hindus performed with joy along with festivals of Muslims and Christians. ID Ud Zoha, Id Ul Fittar, Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali, Christmas celebrated with joy and grace and people from all section participate in such festivals.
Pottery and handloom are the two most important economic as well as artisanry creation of the population of the municipal area.
Birnagar has a tropical climate. The annual mean temperature is 26.8 °C (80 °F); monthly mean temperatures range from 19 °C to 30 °C (67 °F to 86 °F). Summers are hot and humid and maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during May and June. Winter tends to last for only about two and a half months, with seasonal lows dipping to the around 10 °C – 14 °C between December and January. Often during early summer, dusty squalls followed by spells of thunderstorm and heavy rains lash the city, bringing relief from the humid heat. These thunderstorms are locally known as Kal baisakhi (Nor’westers). The average annual rainfall is 1200mm (approx.) and average maximum temperature is degree 35.0 (approx.) Celsius and minimum 10.0 (approx.) Celsius.
Soil and Ground Water Scenario
The municipality is located on the great Gangetic Delta. The soil is enriched by the sedimentation of the River Hooghly and is very fertile in nature. There is plenty underground reserve of water.
The municipal office is around 200 years old and very recently the municipality has done some extension work so that all the staffs could be accommodated and all the services could be rendered to the citizens.